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However, this alone does not account for the fact that Egg Harbor City was planned as a pure German town and that this project soon became known to German-Americans all over the country.The decade preceding the Civil War was a time of turmoil and unrest, of tension and prejudice.The Association added a good number of additional enticing advantages, gifts and promises: trees would be planted along the streets, a park of almost 100 acres would be laid out, schools would be constructed: "in brief, every dollar that we receive will be spent again in the settlement and for the settlement." Here, he said, was for the Germans in America the chance to build a flourishing agricultural colony, a great commercial and industrial center and to preserve all the national qualities of the German element in a homogeneous Germanic population.German-Americans, living elsewhere in the United States, might consider a move to the new city.Here as so often in American history the railroads brought a new political and economic impulse.In the year 1854 a new railroad had been built, the Camden & Atlantic Railroad, connecting the big East coast lines running through Philadelphia with the newly opened seashore resort Atlantic City. It could not exist exclusively on the summer seashore traffic.The charter of the city bears the date March 16, 1858.The population of Egg Harbor always considered September 1855 the beginning of their history, probably because the first settlers arrived at that time.
It was this combination of two phenomena, both typical of the United States in the midcentury, railroad expansion and anti-immigrant feelings, to which Egg Harbor City owed its existence.The average tourist who rushes through the town on his way to the New Jersey seashore will probably not notice anything in particular.Perhaps he will make a remark about the exceptionally large number of well kept gardens with beautiful trees and shrubbery.A tourist who has an ear for German sounding names or a college student who ever took a course in German civilization will probably look somewhat perplexed if he opens the local telephone directory or if he sees the names on the street signs.There is Suenderhaufs Bakery, Weisbeckers Cleaners, Von Bosses Winery, Messingers Grocery, Theilackers Flower Shop.